Any test which is marked unsatisfactory or unsuitable indicates an immediate need to evaluate and/or disinfect your water system.
Evaluation of the Water System
Prior to disinfection, the system should be evaluated to identify and correct possible sources of contamination. Please Note: Disinfecting the water system without first removing the source of contamination provides only temporary health protection. The following list identifies some of the major health related factors to examine:
A sanitary seal that prevents surface water, insects, and rodents from entering the well
A ground surface graded or ditched so surface water drains away from the well or spring
Well casing surrounded by a concrete slab that extends at least 6 inches above the ground
Well or spring located at least 100 feet (for well) or 200 feet (for spring) from septic systems, barn yards, or other sources of contamination
Inverted, screened air vents on the well
No cross-connection of the drinking water system with a non-potable system such as irrigation water
Disinfecting Your Water
You can disinfect your well with household chlorine bleach such as Clorox, Purex, or a generic brand. The chlorine in the bleach kills bacteria. Note that it may take more than one chlorination for your well to return a satisfactory test. This is generally an overnight process so you will need to plan ahead when you decide to chlorinate. To disinfect your well follow this procedure. If you have a storage tank it may also need to be disinfected.
You may prefer to have a well or water supply professional chlorinate your system.
While waiting for chlorination to be completed, water used for drinking and cooking should be from a known safe supply. You can perform emergency disinfection by boiling the water for 1 minute or putting 4 to 10 drops of bleach into 1 gallon of clear water. Stir and let stand 30 minutes. At that time the water should have a slight chlorine taste, if not, add more bleach. You can also use bottled water purchased from a store, or a known safe water supply.